“According to the Arthritis Disease Center, 50 to 80 percent of Americans complain of back pain during their lifetime, and poor posture is a common contributor to neck and back pain.” (Brown, 2010, para 1). Many people have poor posture and aren’t aware of it. Back pain, a permanently curved spine, and the inability to perform everyday activities could result. Can an app be created to remind people to get up and move, and realign themselves to achieve better posture?How does the Spine Work?The spinal cord is made up of many vertebrae, disks, and elastic ligaments, and the parts give it certain characteristics. The spine is the body’s central support structure. It keeps the body upright, supports the head, torso, and arms, allows the body to move in any direction, and connects the different parts of the skeleton to each other. The spine is a chain of bones, but there are ligaments and disks that make it flexible. (Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care IQWiG, 2015, para 1). Wein (2017) states that the musculoskeletal system is made up of bones, muscles, joints, and other things that connect body parts together. This applies to the spine because it is part of the system (para 5). IQWiG (2015). Adults have 26 vertebrae: 7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 1 sacrum (5 fused sacral vertebrae), 1 tailbone (4 fused coccygeal vertebrae). 23 elastic spinal disks separate each of the vertebrae – except between the skull, first cervical vertebrae, and second cervical vertebrae. These disks keep the spine flexible while moving (para 4). To conclude, many things make up and give the spine its characteristics. What is Posture?When the word “posture” comes to mind, straightening the back might be the first thing that happens, to make it seem like someone has lots of energy. That’s not it, though. Posture is important because it can either help or harm health. Posture is how the body is held. There are two types: dynamic posture: how body is held when moving, like walking or running. Comparatively, static posture is how the body is held when not moving, like standing or sleeping. (“Guide to Good Posture,” 2017, para 2). “Getting it Straight. ” (2017) “‘Posture is not only about how well you sit, but how well you move and go about your daily life,’ says Dr. George Salem, an NIH-funded researcher. . . ” (para 2). Posture is affected by many things – age, situation, and daily choices. (para 4). Some people may think that sitting with slumped shoulders a few times may not affect them. But years of slouching can wear the spine away and make it vulnerable to injury (Wein, 2017, para 7). In summary, posture is very important because it will harm health if poor posture occurs. Effects of Poor PostureLike mentioned before, posture is a very important thing. If poor posture occurs, there are many consequences, like making it difficult to breathe. Physical therapist Dr. Cris Zampieri notes that people with depression tend to appear more closed and curved, while anxiety may cause raised shoulders. Hyperkyphosis, or an extremely hunched posture, can be associated with back pain, weakness, and trouble breathing. It can also limit everyday activities. (Wein, 2017, para 12). “Posture and back health” (2014) expressed that most people get back pain at some point in their lives. It also said repetitive and everyday activities could produce tension and muscle tightness, which could potentially lead to backaches. One suggestion that was given was paying attention to posture so that backaches and back pain wouldn’t happen. (para 2). Poor posture can:Misalign musculoskeletal systemMake spine increasingly fragile and affect balanceMake spine more vulnerable to injury, risk of fallingCause neck, shoulder, back painDecrease flexibilityAffect how well joints moveMake digesting food difficultMake breathing harder(Guide to Good Posture, 2017, para 4). Thus, there are many consequences for poor posture. That’s why good posture is vital. Improving PostureThe effects of poor posture are important, but some tips for improving posture will really help. Being mindful of posture is an example. One of the ways to improve posture is making some lifestyle choices. Be mindful of posture throughout the day, and realign regularly. Shift positions often. Hold reading material at eye level. Exercise regularly. Wear comfortable shoes that offer good support. (“Posture and back health,” 2014, para 13). Some other ways to improve posture are:Yoga and taichi classes, benefit in physical and emotional areasExtra weight:weakens abdominal muscles. causes problems for pelvis and spine. contributes to low back pain. should be reduced. “One way to improve your posture is to be aware of it in the first place,” Dr. Cris Zampieri says. “It’s important to take a look at your posture before it becomes a problem. ” He also says that classes like yoga and tai chi can help people learn to feel what’s wrong with their posture. (Wein, 2017, para 16). Good posture is when vertebrae are aligned properly. This means the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar curves are in balance, with weight evenly distributed between the feet. Payoff: less stress and strain on muscles, joints, ligaments, reduced risk of any type of pain. (“Posture and back health,” 2014, para 5). In short, there are many ways to improve posture. If posture is improved, it will make people look and feel better. To sum it all up, proper dynamic and static posture are important because it could affect the workings of the spine, there are defects of poor posture, and many suggestions are given to improve posture. If an app was created to tell people when to realign themselves, and also tell them when to get up and move, would that help them improve posture? Proper posture is important because if poor posture results, back and neck pain could result, which would cause stress. That is why having proper posture is important.