Aveneu Park, Starling, Australia

1.Introduction development is a process aimed at expanding the

1.Introduction • Definition Gender inequality is the idea that women and men are not equal. It refers to the fact that men and women should receive equal treatment, and should not be discriminated due to gender, unless there is a valid biological reason for different treatment .•Background information Gender inequality stems from distinctions, whether empirically grounded or socially constructed. Women lag behind men in many domains, including education, labor market opportunities and political representation.The elimination of inequalities between women and men is essential for the creation of a stronger, fair and united Europe. The challenges of our era, from poverty to unemployment to the consequences of climate change, can not be resolved without first ensuring that women and men have access to equal opportunities to make their own potential.Human development is a process aimed at expanding the possibilities of choice for all people, not just one part of them. This process would be unfair and discriminatory if the benefits were foreclosed to women. One of the accusations against modern progress is precisely continuing to exclude women from economic and political opportunities. For too long it was considered that development was a non-discriminatory process, which would bring benefits to all social classes, and that its effects were the same for men and women. The facts show the opposite. In all societies, disparities and gender-related gaps jump into our eyes. Human development, as a paradigm that places people at the center of its goals, must therefore be fully realized. The issue of “gender” indicates the differences between man and woman, not from the biological point of view, but from the point of view of the role assigned to them within society, precisely depending on their sex. Gender inequalities, which always translate into discriminatory treatments for women and girls, do not concern, only developing countries or in any case the most backward eras of the world.Unfortunately, even nowadays there is inequality between women and men. The disparity is present in various areas such as workplace, culture, society and sport. Moreover gender inequality brings to a still unresolved problem:  violence against women, a consequence which should immediately stop.2. Body                                          VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMENVarious episodes regarding to violence against women reveal how a woman can feel insecure and may feel uncomfortable in being in the world getting to the point of believing that as a woman she should not be in a certain place and dressed in a certain way. The forms of violence are different: they range from the continuous insult to verbal disqualification, from harassment to the most extreme cases of rape and murder. The majority of violence occurs within the family, in one’s own friendship, or the nearest context to the woman. According to some researches, women better educated or with a better social position tend to be even more threatened because this status of women can trigger i some men forms of aggression dictated by the denial of the stereotype.How to solve the problem of violence against womenIt is considered essential an educational action in schools to overcome stereotypes and underline beliefs about gender roles in society recognized as a cultural cause of violence against women and gender inequalities in all areas of life. To achieve this goal, adequate resources are also indispensable for anti-violence centers and shelters, as well as the training of all professional figures come into contact with women who suffer violence.WORKPLACEEmployment of women is very often hidden and unpaid.In all countries, the average female wage is lower than the male’s one , even for the same job. Various statistics confirm that the unemployment rate largely affects women. In the underdeveloped nations, the budget is further aggravated: perhaps female labor is strongly concentrated in agriculture. In rural areas, women generally work more than men, even if this does not appear in statistical surveys. In some African countries, women make up 60% of the agricultural workforce and produce up to 80% of the foodstuffs. Despite this, the salary is considerably lower than men’s. In some cases the female workforce is not even remunerated.CULTURAL point of view  A research carried out by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) states that two thirds of the world’s illiterate are women. The problem is mainly concentrated in developing countries. Girls have a greater workload and fewer opportunities to attend school. Consequently, the level of female literacy and acculturation is almost always lower than men’s one. However, there is a figure that gives hope for the future. In Third World countries, in terms of adult education and schooling, women traveled between 1970 and 1990 more than half of the path that separates them from men. Yet this is not enough. It will take time to see an effective cultural equality in the world between man and woman.SOCIAL point of view More serious is the social treatment to which woman is subjected. Freedom has always been denied. Even more traumatic than oppressive poverty is violence that ruins the lives of so many women. In Africa it is now a tradition for girls to undergo genital mutilation. Rape is another form of abuse and studies indicate that in some countries, one in six women is raped in life. For so many selfish men who think only of their pleasure it has become normal to “use” women instead of loving them. Even in less disadvantaged contexts, the treatment reserved for women can be noted. As a child her position within the family is generally subordinated to the brothers’ one. Female sex is considered weak. Families try to “get rid of” the girls quickly. In economically backward countries, women are married even at the age of sixteen. The states have promulgated laws in favor of women’s rights. To contribute to the solution of the problem, it is necessary to ensure that current social and cultural values ??change for the better.  SPORTive point of view Sport is traditionally a sector dominated by men and the progress made in gender equality in this field is held back by the social conceptions of femininity and masculinity, which often associate sport with “masculine” characteristics such as physical strength and resistance , speed and a very combative spirit, if not even aggressive. Women who engage in sports can be seen as “masculine”, while men who are not interested in sports can be considered “unmanly”. Furthermore media stereotypes keep women in the background. Media can play an important role in strengthening or, conversely, in the weakening of gender stereotypes in sports. The application of gender stereotypes to male and female athletes by the media is well documented and often the athletes are sexualized: they tend to represent them in a way that helps to overshadow the results obtained in the competitions, emphasizing the femininity and sexual attraction instead of strength and skills. Fortunately, nowadays the relation women-sport is improving.3.conclusion HOW TO SOLVE GENDER INEQUALITY.Many people say that gender equality has now been reached. In support of their thesis, they affirm that in many States women have the same rights and duties as men, and that the number of working women are increasingly growing. But in reality in developed countries there is gender equality only apparently, because in today’s society women are frequently underestimated and have less chance of having a career than a man. Improvements are not noticed in developing countries, since nobody has changed the way of thinking and the mentality is still backward. In conclusion, in my opinion the woman has not yet reached the same opportunities and the same consideration of the man. It is not enough to change the laws, which are often not applied.The struggle for gender equality is not very recent. The first documented feminist movements date back to the French Revolution. The first right claimed by women was the right of education. In fact, it would never have been possible to leave the home, find an external job, access political rights and citizenship, if women had not had access to public school. The second right for which women have fought is to vote, of participation in public life. The struggle was carried out above all by the British suffragettes, who took to the streets to claim this right. Finally, the right to work. Women have been working for some time in the industry, but they were underpaid compared to their male counterparts and for this they fought for equal opportunities and wages (which, in this respect, has not yet been reached in most countries of the world).The fight against discrimination and gender violence requires the mobilization of a plurality of social tools and actors that face the problem from different points of view: economic, cultural and social. Important tools of the intervention become the training of operators who specialize in the subject, the development of procedures for welcoming and listening to the victims that accompany them in the process of material and moral empowerment that allows them to acquire adequate skills and resources to escape from violence, the coordination between services for a cooperative action against the violence.

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